Get answers here about Diabetes Predict® Genetic Testing for Type 2 Diabetes
This page includes common questions about everything related to the genetic test that will help you to learn if you have a high genetic predisposition to suffering from type 2 diabetes.
- Is my data secure?
- Yes, all user data is protected with security standards.
- What scientific support endorses Diabetes Predict®?
- Diabetes Predict® is based on knowledge published in the most prestigious international scientific journals and backed by a scientific committee of worldwide experts in matters of diabetes, headed by internationally renowned Doctor Jaakko Tuomilheto, creator of the Findrisk Test.
- If I have a high genetic predisposition to suffering from type 2 diabetes, might my family members also have a genetic predisposition?
- Yes, having family members with diabetes or with genetic predisposition to diabetes does not mean that you are going to develop the disease, but it does increase the probability. Awareness of your risk can be vital, as can prevention.
- Is it possible to do the test without a diabetes diagnosis?
- Yes. The test is not a diagnostic to find out if you have diabetes or not. With this test, you will detect if you have a high genetic predisposition to developing type 2 diabetes and thus you will be able to predict it in time.
- Why is it important to know your genetic risk of suffering from type 2 diabetes?
- More than 345 million people have type 2 diabetes in the world and many of them are unaware of it. Identifying personal genetic risk of developing this disease can give you enough motivation to help you predict it, by means of changing eating, activity and lifestyle habits.
- Who can do this genetic analysis?
- Anyone, whatever age they are, can do the genetic test. The test is painless and innocuous.
- How reliable is Diabetes Predict®?
- For the creation of the Diabetes Predict® tests, detailed results were analyzed of the largest scientific studies and meta-analyses of the human genome in diabetics. Such studies collected information from 110,000 diabetic and non-diabetic people, which helped scientists and doctors of the SIGMA project, to select the genetic variants most associated with type 2 diabetes. Discovering your genetic risk and changing your eating and physical exercise habits in time is vital to help predict type 2 diabetes.
- What is Diabetes Predict®?
- Diabetes Predict® is a platform for the prediction of diabetes:
- GENETIC TEST - Comfortable and pain-free. It is a DNA sample of epithelial cells from the mouth.
- RESULTS - Reliable and in a few days you will receive your results to discuss with your Doctor.
- Once the sample has been taken, how long can I take to send it?
- The test can be a certain length of time inside the tube without deteriorating, but it is preferable to send it immediately to ensure a better quality sample.
- Will I suffer any risk or side effect when taking the test?
- The Diabetes Predict® test represents no risk for you. Try to follow the instructions and take the sample correctly, and before long your test will be on its way to the laboratory.
- How can I collect a correct sample of cells from the buccal mucosa?
- To obtain the most reliable result possible, do not eat, drink, smoke or brush your teeth for an hour before taking the sample. It is also important to remove all make-up from your lips. Massaging the cheeks previously means you will obtain the epithelial cells shed from the inside of your mouth. Then introduce the swab or cotton bud in your mouth and rub energetically against the inside of your cheek for one minute. Try not to contaminate the sample once extracted, making sure the swab doesn't touch anything before putting it inside the container.
- How do I collect the sample from children?
- Collecting the sample for the genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes test from children is very simple. You should simply try to avoid them eating for the hour prior to taking the sample. Before taking the sample, you should gently massage their cheek for 30 seconds. Afterwards, introduce the swab in their mouth and rub inside of their cheek, up and down, for one minute.
- How should I collect my buccal DNA sample?
- Before collecting the sample, massage your cheeks so that the epithelial cells are shed. Afterwards, introduce the swab into the mouth and rub energetically up and down on the inside of the cheek for one minute. Carefully put the swab into the container and following the sending instructions.
- Can I eat before taking the test?
- You can't eat for an hour before taking the test. This decreases the quality of the sample and the reliability of the result.
- What do I have to do before taking the sample?
- To guarantee the quality of the sample, you should follow the below advice:
- Do not eat, drink or smoke for an hour before collecting the sample.
- Your lips should also be free of make-up.
- Does it hurt to take the sample for the test?
- No, it does not hurt. The sample for the genetic test is carried out by rubbing a swab (a cotton bud that collects cells) inside the mouth, a completely painless act.
- Will I need help to do the test?
- No. The test is designed in such a way that you can do it easily and without help. Following the instructions, you will be able to do the test comfortably and quickly at home.
- What are the epithelial cells of the buccal mucosa?
- The epithelial cells of the buccal mucosa are the cells that make up the epithelial lining, which covers the inside of the mouth.
- How is the DNA sample taken?
- GX Sciences & Patia have partnered to develop a platform based on the acquisition of the epithelial cells of the buccal mucosa, that is, from inside the mouth. Thanks to the swab included in the kit, you will simple have to obtain the sample, painlessly, rubbing the swab energetically for one minute against the inside of your cheek, as shown in the instructions for use to carry out the test at home.
- What is a DNA sample?
- Cells in our organism contain 23 pair of chromosomes that carry our genetic information. What we call a sample is a collection of some cells from our body to be able to identify its genetic material, its DNA, which is the molecule that contains the necessary genetic information for the development of the biological functions of living organisms, and is responsible for its hereditary transmission.
- What is a polymorphism or SNP?
- A Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) is a variation in the DNA sequence that affects one single base (adenine [A], thymine [T], cytosine [C] or guanine [G]) in the DNA sequence. Some of these variants can be associated with certain disease, such as type 2 diabetes.
- Does the result change as time passes?
- Your genetic risk of developing type 2 diabetes does not change with time. What you can change to help predict the disease are your habits and modifiable risk factors:
- Unhealthy eating habits
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Alcohol Consumption
- Lack of sleep
- How reliable are the results?
- The polymorphisms analyzed were provided following the latest and largest genetic studies to the date and are based on large population samples.
- Is the information obtained in the results report confidential?
- Yes, the information obtained in the results report is totally confidential. Only you will be able to consult the result of your genetic test. The analysis of the sample is carried out following all the data protection measures according to the laws for this type of test.
- When will my results be available?
- In 15 business days after you send the sample to the laboratory and it is analyzes, you will receive your results.
- Is it easy to send the sample to the laboratory?
- It's very simple. In the box, you will find a pre-paid envelope in which you should put:
- The tube containing your properly identified swab.
- The form with your personal data.
- The consent which you must sign so that we can analyze your sample.
- You will only need to call the number on the envelope and the carrier company will collect the sample and send it to the laboratory.
- How long does it take to receive the kit for taking the buccal DNA sample?
- Once it has been ordered, we only take 24 hours to prepare and send the kit.
- Who analyzes the test?
- GX Sciences & Patia have partnered with associated laboratories to undertake the analysis of your DNA sample and evaluation of your genetic risk of developing type 2 diabetes by the means of the study in the laboratory of the genetic variants associated with this disease.
*This test does not diagnose type 2 diabetes. A doctor must diagnose type 2 diabetes. These results do not mean that you or your family will necessarily develop type 2 diabetes. These results must be evaluated along with a complete individual and family medical history as well as other laboratory tests results. This test analyses and informs only about certain genetic variants associated to the genetic risk of type 2 diabetes. This genetic test does not exclude that you or your family might develop other diseases.
- What does the test analyze?
- The test which is included in Diabetes Predict® for the evaluation of genetic risk type 2 diabetes analyzes the main genetic variants associated with this type of diabetes. The result will determine if your genetic risk of developing the disease is high or not.